Prison Reform isn’t helped when lazy journalism meets an outdated Trade Union

By Mark Leech, Editor of The Prisons Handbook for England and Wales.

“Inmates to be handed cell keys” – the headline to Richard Ford’s article in The Times today on the new Incentives policy framework for prisons issued by the Ministry of Justice yesterday, stretches disingenuousness to the very edge of dishonesty.

Let’s cut straight to the chase: prisoners are not ‘handed cell keys’.

Prisoners will be issued with keys to a ‘privacy lock’; a lock that is physically separate to the central cell door lock and one which, in any event, prison staff have master keys that can override the prisoners’ privacy lock at all times.

Another basic but vital point missed completely by Richard Ford’s lamentable article is this: prisoners can use the privacy keys to get into their cells – but there is no keyhole on the inside of the cell door by which they can use their privacy keys to get out.

An important and simple enough point to grasp – but one that was either unrecognised or ignored by Richard Ford.

Another important point is that last year over a million pounds of public money was paid out in compensation for lost and stolen prisoners’ property, where cells doors negligently left open by prison officers while prisoners were not present, allowed other prisoners access to steal the belongings of fellow inmates – yes, shocking isn’t it: there are thieves in our prisons.

Richard Ford’s article is an example of the worst kind of warped reporting that one doesn’t expect from The Times but which has become all too common; lazy journalists who can’t be bothered to ascertain the real facts much less report them.

The new Incentives Policy Framework, which has been a year in the making, is very much to be welcomed – it strikes exactly the right balance between incentive and disincentive.

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It has received widespread praise from all quarters with the notable – and predictable – exception of the Prison Officers Association (POA). The POA’s National Chairman, Mark Fairhurst, describing the revised policy as “a recipe for disaster”.

The POA is a Trade Union that trumpets its support for its Members but in truth the vast majority of prison officers couldn’t care less about it – in reality it actually ‘represents’ very few at all.

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Mark Fairhurst was elected in 2017 – of the 25,529 Members who were sent ballot papers for the Election of National Chairman, just 1,113 voted for him – 4.39%

The POA are a Union  who have little support from its Membership – until they need legal help. Of the 25,529 Ballot Papers sent out just 2,225 were even returned – and of those 189 were either spoilt or left blank – presumably a way of asserting ‘none of the above’.

It is time the POA were challenged, and confronted with the damage they are responsible for, their failure to possess any negotiating skills and the fact that an increasing number of prison officers writing on social media say they are a waste of time.

Our Prison Service has been in meltdown since the loss of 7,000 experienced frontline officers in 2014 – it is a simple but painful fact that the POA agreed to the loss of those 7,000 Officers – who they now constantly blame the Government for when they were themselves responsible for raising not a single objection to any of those officers leaving.

Prison Officers must now retire at the age of 68 – a ridiculous age for any prison officer to still be walking the landings – and yet the POA, with their constant abuse of Government, their ballots to carry out illegal strike action,  their being taken to court and made the subject of injunctions, their demand that their staff stand outside the main prison gate in the pouring rain in a fruitless attempt to change policy that hasn’t worked as a negotiating tactic since mid 1980s – and for which the end result is that those prison officers lose pay – shows what an out of touch, unrepresentative, failed Union they really are.

The POA are rightly quick to make press statements condemning when officers are injured – but despite prison officers being convicted and jailed for corruption, inappropriate relationships with prisoners, violence and abuse against prisoners, fraudulent doctoring of documents, importation of drugs, phones and even knives into prisons, the POA says nothing; refusing to publicly condemn a single one of these corrupt members; complicit by its silence lest they lose even more of the few members they have left.

Today industrial disputes are resolved around a table, not stood outside a prison gate engaged in an illegal battle they can never win. Modern Trade Unions work in partnership with their employers, putting their case forward for change, based on evidence and a desire to work together – not banging the table, demanding change, on the basis of threats and walk-outs; the failure of that as a negotiating tactic is proven by the fact that the POA achieve so little.

Thankfully we are now seeing change in the prison system, a new breed of prison officer is coming through, better educated, better trained, more intelligent and the POA needs to reform itself in the same way, or become less of a effective Trade Union than even they currently are.

Legal Challenge – but is there really a ban on prisoners having books?

Prisoner reading a book

The government’s so-called ban on prisoners receiving books is facing a legal challenge, with one prisons expert asserting there is no ban on books at all.

The Ministry of Justice and secretary of state Chris Grayling have been criticised over the Earned Privileges Scheme, which sees prisoners banned from receiving books and other items in the post.

Now a female inmate, known as BGJ, has decided to challenge the ban, according to the BBC.

BBC Newsnight’s political editor Emily Maitlis said: “She [the prisoner] is an epilepsy sufferer, very highly qualified and she has said her life is in despair without access to these books, which have really been taking her through this life sentence that she will serve.”

The MoJ says the legal challenge comes outside of the three-month window for appealing against a new policy, as the scheme was introduced in November.

The BBC said the lawyers would press ahead with the challenge, arguing that the policy had been brought in at different times in different prisons and that BGJ had only been affected in the past 10 days.

Authors and human rights groups have condemned the policy, which Grayling has previously defended as a measure to stop illicit materials being smuggled into prisons.

Writers including Carol Ann Duffy, Ian McEwan, Julian Barnes and Mark Haddon have protested against ther ban, but Mark Leech, editor of Converse, the national newspaper for prisoners in England and Wales said there was no ‘ban on books’ just a restriction on where they could come from.

Mr Leech said: “Anyone who reads Prison Service Instruction (PSI) 30/2013, which brought in the new Incentives and Earned Privileges Scheme, can see there is no ban on books at all – just a general restriction that they cannot be sent in from family because of cases where pages have been doused with liquid drugs which are then cut up and sold to prisoners – but even then Governors have discretion to allow it [para 10.4].

“For example page 46 of PSI 30/2013 states ‘Specialist products including.. books.. may be purchased by prisoners for their own use’.

“Page 56 states Prisoners are allowed a maximum of 12 books in possession for their own use, and page 62 says that Governors may not prevent unconvicted prisoners from having supplied to them at their own expense..books.

“Where is this ban – I am a publisher and we send around 100 books a week in to prisoners, none of which have been withheld.

“I believe that any legal challenge is destined to fail, it would be bizarre if the Secretary of State could not make restrictions on security grounds which limit potential souces of abuse, and the courts have a long history of being reluctant to look behind ‘security grounds’ advanced as reasons for policy.

“Its unlikely that any challenge will get off the ground anyway because the PSI came into force on 1st November 2013 and the rule is that any legal challenge to it must be brought ‘promptly’ and, in any event, not later than 3 months after the grounds to make the claim first arose infact there have been cases brought within the three month time limit which were nonethless ruled out of time because they were not brought ‘promptly’.” (CPR Part 54.5 and ex.p Finn-Kelcey)

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Grayling In Prison Privileges Crackdown

Chris Grayling

All convicted male prisoners are to be banned from watching violent and sexually explicit films as part of a crackdown on “perks” that comes into effect today.

Inmates will also be required to wear a uniform for their first two weeks behind bars, and will lose automatic access to daytime television and gym equipment.

The changes to the prison service’s incentives and earned privileges regime have been ordered by the justice secretary, Chris Grayling, and will apply across England and Wales.

The requirement to wear prison clothes and restrictions on access to private cash will be compulsory for all convicted prisoners for the first fortnight of their sentence as part of a new “entry level” to the system. Female prisoners will not have to wear a uniform. In most cases the uniform will involve a grey or maroon tracksuit with a light blue T-shirt. In some jails older uniforms with a striped top will be worn.

Grayling has said that under the new policy a lack of bad behaviour will not be enough to earn privileges. Instead inmates will have to work actively towards their rehabilitation and help other prisoners.

The justice secretary has been particularly exercised about access to television for prisoners. The 4,000 inmates in privately run jails will not be able to watch Sky Sports or other subscription channels that are not available to public sector prison inmates.

All prisoners are to be banned from watching daytime television when they should be doing purposeful activities.

Prison governors have been working to make staff and prisoners aware of the changes since April to ensure the scheme is implemented safely.

Earlier this week Vicky Pryce, who was jailed along with her ex-husband, the former cabinet minister Chris Huhne, warned that there could be rioting when the changes come into effect. “There’s very little else to do in prison but watch television. It’s one of the very few things that these people have,” she said. “And if they take those away from their cells, as the government is saying it will do now, there will be riots, serious riots. And that is not an overstatement.”

But Grayling defended the changes saying: “For too long the public has seen prisoners spending their days languishing in their cells watching TV, using illegal mobile phones to taunt their victims on Facebook or boasting about their supposedly easy life in prisons. This is not right and it cannot continue.”

Mark Leech editor of Converse, the national newspaper for Prisoners said the crack down was “playing a dangerous game of politics with prisons.”

Mr Leech said: “The reason why so many prisoners spent their days locked up in their cells is because Grayling has cut prison budgets to the bone, there is no money for workshops and, even if there was, there isn’t the money to employ the amount of staff needed to escort them there.

“Grayling is playing a dangerous game of politics with prisons, it’s all very well him sitting safe and secure in his Whitehall office – it is prison staff on the landings who have to translate these dangerous policies into practice.”

Prisoners should have internet access

Prisoners need to learn computer skills, but the internet is strictly banned

Prisoners should have access to computers and the internet to help with

reintegration into society and reduce reoffending once they are released,

according to research.

Secure, controlled use of the web can also transform education, family contact

and resettlement in jails, the joint Prison Reform Trust and Prisoners Education

Trust report said.

Through the Gateway: How Computers Can Transform Rehabilitation examines the

use of information and communication technology (ICT) in prisons and its

potential as a tool for rehabilitation.

It is based on a survey of jails sent to all prison governors and directors in

England and Wales supported by the National Offender Management Service (NOMS)

focus group.

Nearly three-quarters (74%) of the prison governors and managers who responded

to the survey agreed that prisoners should have secure and controlled access to

the internet, while 94% agreed ICT skills were necessary for everyday living.

Three quarters (67%) said that prisoners should be able to set up bank accounts

while in prison using ICT.

The report said greater and more effective use of ICT in prisons would improve

opportunities for education, training, employment, resettlement and strengthen

family ties – all factors which have been shown to reduce reoffending on

release.

Nearly half (47%) of adults are reconvicted within one year of release. For

those serving sentences of less than 12 months and young people aged 18-20 this

increases to 58%. In 2011-12, just 27% of prisoners entered employment on

release from prison.

The main barriers for prisons using ICT to improve rehabilitation were concerns

about security, financial constraints, the lack of a co-ordinated strategy,

licensing and insufficient central resources, researchers found.

In the foreword to the report, Nick Hardwick, HM Chief Inspector of Prisons,

wrote: “We can’t go on with prisons in a pre-internet dark age: inefficient,

wasteful and leaving prisoners woefully unprepared for the real world they will

face on release.

“I have not met one prison professional who does not think drastic change is

needed.”

He added: “Of course, there are security issues that need to be managed but

the technology itself allows every key stroke to be monitored and access can be

risk-assessed.

“Perhaps there are some who will say computers and the internet are luxuries

prisoners should do without. There was probably some grumbling when they first

put telephones on the wings too and if we want prisons to rehabilitate those

they hold, we have to give them the tools to do so.”

Juliet Lyon, director of the Prison Reform Trust, said: “Controlled use of ICT

is a sensible way to bring prisons and prisoners into the 21st century.

“Closing the digital divide between people in prison and the community is

vital for effective rehabilitation and resettlement.”

Rod Clark, chief executive, Prisoners Education Trust, said: “These days most

people could not function without computers or the internet and if we can’t

work, find a job or study without the use of ICT, how can we expect people in

prison to do so?

“Technology can provide us with many solutions to help rehabilitate people in

a safe, secure way and if we do not explore them, then we risk sending more

people back into society without the skills or the motivation to live a life

free from crime.”

Mark Leech, editor of Converse the national newspaper for prisoners in England and Wales said he broadly supported the idea.

“I think there is a very valid case for internet access to be made available to prisoners – 48 US States allow some inmates internet access of one sort or another.

“Screened internet access, linked into the incentive earned privileges scheme and made available to those on enhanced regime, is certainly justified and one I would certainly support – but it must be earned by sustained good custodial behaviour, proven progress on offending risk reduction and compliance with the prison rules.”