Birmingham Prison – brought back under permanent MOJ control

Birmingham prison is being brought back in-house permanently after it plunged into crisis under private management.

HM Prison and Probation Service took over the jail from G4S in August.

The unprecedented move was announced at the same time as Chief Inspector of Prisons Peter Clarke published a scathing assessment of the prison, which is one of the largest in the country.

The initial “step-in” was for at least six months, before being extended to the summer.

On Monday, the Government announced that HMPPS has decided, with the full agreement of G4S, to end the contract seven years early.

Prisons Minister Rory Stewart said: “I am confident that HMP Birmingham has made good progress since the ‘step-in’ but to build on this, the prison needs stability and continuity.

“That is why we have mutually agreed with G4S that the public sector is better placed to drive the long-term improvements required and the contract will end.

“Our priority remains the safety of prisoners and staff but this move to restore and consolidate order at one of our most challenging jails will ultimately make sure that we are better protecting the public.”

He stressed the Government still believes in a “mixed economy” of providers, saying some private jails are among the best performing.

“Indeed, G4S itself is running excellent prisons at Altcourse and Oakwood, and this Government believes passionately that private providers should continue to play a crucial role in our system,” Mr Stewart said.

Mr Clarke triggered the “urgent notification” scheme to demand immediate action at HMP Birmingham following an inspection visit last summer.

The chief inspector’s report, which detailed findings prior to the Government’s intervention, revealed that inmates walked around “like zombies” while high on drugs in scenes likened to a war zone.

Prisoners flouted rules without challenge from staff, many of whom were “anxious and fearful” as they went about their duties, the assessment found.

G4S was awarded a 15-year-contract to run the jail in 2011.

The firm will pay £9.9 million to cover additional costs associated with the step-in and essential maintenance works.

G4S custodial & detention services managing director Jerry Petherick said: “HMP Birmingham is an inner-city remand prison which faces exceptional challenges including high levels of prisoner violence towards staff and fellow prisoners.

“We believe that it is in the best interests of staff and the company that management of this prison is transferred to HMPPS and we will work closely with the Ministry of Justice to ensure a smooth transition over the next three months.

“We will continue to deliver high quality services at the other four major UK prisons that we manage and I would like to pay tribute to all of our employees who provide an outstanding service at these prisons, often in a demanding operating environment.”

Mark Fairhurst, national chairman of the Prison Officers Association, said the announcement means HMP Birmingham will be returned to “where it rightfully belongs”.

Editor of The Prisons Handbook for England and Wales, Mark Leech, called the decision “sensible”

Mr Leech said: “I believe that the reasoning behind this decision is that the Ministry of Justice take the view that, rightly or wrongly, G4S cannot be trusted to take back management of the prison without the real risk that it will again descend into chaos and a lack of control.

“In those circumstances its a sensible and pragmatic decision but G4S have recently been named as one of the operators involved in the selection process for operation of the soon to be opened Wellingborough and Glen Parva prisons – this decision must mean their application is subject to exceptional scrutiny.”

Birmingham prison action plan published – as MOJ Reject HMIP Calls For Urgent Inquiry

Ministry of Justice Rejects Calls By Chief Inspector for Inquiry Into Birmingham

  • 200 prisoners already moved out following unprecedented ‘step-in’
  • 3 Wings to be closed for refurbishment
  • 32 extra experienced prison officers and additional senior staff already in post
  • Cell refurbishment is ongoing and experienced estate managers continue to support urgent improvement to living conditions
  • Dedicated Prison Service safety team training staff to better manage vulnerable offenders
  • The ‘step-in’ will result in no additional cost to the taxpayer

The Government has rejected a watchdog’s call for an urgent inquiry to establish how one of Britain’s largest jails slipped into crisis.

Chief Inspector of Prisons Peter Clarke said there could be “little hope” of improvement until there has been an independent assessment of the failings at HMP Birmingham last month.

However, the step was ruled out on Monday by Justice Secretary David Gauke as he published details of his department’s plans to improve standards at the prison.

In a letter to Mr Clarke, Mr Gauke wrote: “I strongly believe that we already understand what happened at HMP Birmingham.

“Through your assessment of the prison and that of the IMB, as well as our own investigation following the serious disturbance in December 2016, we have gained significant insight.”

The prison system in England and Wales came under intense scrutiny a month ago when the Chief Inspector raised the alarm over “appalling” squalor and violence at HMP Birmingham.

His report warned staff were fearful and unsafe while violent prisoners could act with “near impunity” and blatant use of illegal substances went largely unchallenged amid a “looming lack of control”.

Mr Clarke triggered the “urgent notification” scheme, which requires the Government to respond after an inspection identifies serious concerns at a prison.

As his findings were revealed, the MoJ confirmed it had taken over running of the jail from G4S for at least six months.

As part of the unprecedented “step in”, a public-sector governor was placed in charge of the prison.

publishing an action plan drawn up in response to Mr Clarke’s urgent notification, the MoJ said a 300-person reduction in HMP Birmingham’s population is two-thirds complete and expected to be finished by the end of this month.

In other measures, 32 additional officers have been drafted in, safety teams are working to reduce self-harm and violence and cell refurbishments are ongoing.

Mr Gauke said: “We acted decisively at HMP Birmingham by taking it over from G4S, just as we are addressing issues in the wider estate by investing heavily in more staff and measures to improve safety and security.

“This plan sets out in more detail exactly what we are doing to establish an effective regime, restore safety and decent living conditions, and allow staff to focus on rehabilitating offenders.”

Built in 1849, HMP Birmingham is a category B facility for adult male inmates. It was the scene of a major riot in 2016.

The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) has published detailed plans to improve standards at HMP Birmingham which follow the unprecedented decision to take over running of the prison from G4S on 20 August, for at least the next six months.

[EXCLUSIVE: What challenges does the new Step In Governor at HMP Birmingham face? published tomorrow in Converse the only other Step In Governor ever to have done this, explains what lays ahead.]

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MOJ ACTION PLAN.

The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) has published detailed plans to improve standards at HMP Birmingham which follow the unprecedented decision to take over running of the prison from G4S on 20 August, for at least the next six months.

The Prison Service placed a new experienced Governor, Paul Newton, in charge immediately and has also brought in 32 skilled prison officers and five new custodial managers (who oversee teams of officers) to provide support to colleagues and offenders and improve safety.

The 300-person reduction in HMP Birmingham’s population which the MoJ committed to after ‘step-in’ is two-thirds complete and is expected to be finished by the end of September, with four local courts now diverting some of those convicted or on remand to other prisons. This reduction will allow the prison to empty and improve three wings in the Victorian section of the prison which are most in need of refurbishment.

Safety teams brought in by the Prison Service are working with all staff at HMP Birmingham to reduce self-harm and violence. They have developed a tailored safety plan which will be implemented by the end of September, and training is already underway with all staff to immediately improve the way vulnerable offenders are managed.

Two senior and experienced facilities management staff are working with the prison to drive urgent improvement in living conditions. They will support ongoing work to refurbish wings and cells, replace damaged furniture and improve cleanliness throughout the establishment.

The action plan published today is the formal response to HMIP’s Urgent Notification – a system set up by this Government to allow the inspectorate to immediately flag serious concerns during an inspection.

Justice Secretary David Gauke said:

We acted decisively at HMP Birmingham by taking it over from G4S, just as we are addressing issues in the wider estate by investing heavily in more staff and measures to improve safety and security.

The Prison Service had been working with G4S for many months to drive up standards at Birmingham, but it became clear that they would not be able to make the necessary improvements alone.

That’s why we took over the running of the prison, appointed a strong governor to turn it around, brought in extra staff and began improvements to the building itself.

This plan sets out in more detail exactly what we are doing to establish an effective regime, restore safety and decent living conditions, and allow staff to focus on rehabilitating offenders.

Other actions included in this initial plan include:

  • The work that Governor Paul Newton has done with G4S to consider short-term workforce issues, effective management of workforce plans and training requirements. Together they have developed and introduced recruitment, training and mentoring strategies for all staff, including senior managers.
  • The national drugs taskforce undertaking an assessment of what further action is required to tackle drug supply and reduce demand, and improve the treatment and recovery of those with misuse problems.
  • A review of the Samaritans’ Listener scheme to ensure vulnerable prisoners have swift access to support.
  • New processes to ensure maintenance of cell call bells systems is undertaken on a regular basis and to improve cell bell response times.
  • Improvements to training and work-related activities and to support prisoners on release.
  • Two new physical education instructors brought in to improve the wellbeing of prisoners, with another due imminently.

Notes

  • Read the full action plan.
  • The final inspection report for HMP Birmingham will be published by HM Chief Inspector later this year.